Newswire (Published: Monday, September 25, 2017, Received: Friday, September 22, 2017, 5:12:45 AM CDT)

Word Count: 1481

Pfizer and Astellas Announce Positive Top-Line Results from Phase 3 PROSPER Trial of XTANDI enzalutamide in Patients with Non-Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Pharma Business Week -- Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) and Astellas Pharma Inc. (TSE: 4503, President and CEO: Yoshihiko Hatanaka, "Astellas") announced that the Phase 3 PROSPER trial evaluating XTANDI® (enzalutamide) plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) versus ADT alone in patients with non-metastatic (M0) Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) met its primary endpoint of improved metastasis-free survival (MFS). The preliminary safety analysis of the PROSPER trial appears consistent with the safety profile of XTANDI in previous clinical trials (see also Pharmaceutical Companies).

This Smart News Release features multimedia. View the full release here: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20170914005463/en/

"Many prostate cancer patients who initiate androgen deprivation therapy will experience disease progression illustrated by a rising PSA level, and currently, there are no FDA-approved treatment options for patients with non-metastatic CRPC until they develop confirmed radiographic metastatic disease," said Neal Shore, M.D., director, CPI, Carolina Urologic Research Center.

Based on the results of PROSPER, the companies intend to discuss the data with global health authorities to potentially support expanding the label for XTANDI to cover all patients with CRPC.

"We are delighted with the significant results seen in the PROSPER study, showing that XTANDI plus ADT delayed clinically detectable metastases compared to ADT alone in patients with non-metastatic CRPC whose only sign of underlying disease was a rapidly rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. We look forward to discussing the data with regulatory authorities," said Mace Rothenberg, M.D., chief development officer, Oncology, Pfizer Global Product Development. "XTANDI is already established as a standard of care for men with metastatic CRPC based on the results of prior studies, such as AFFIRM and PREVAIL, which demonstrated that XTANDI delayed disease progression and improved overall survival in men with clinically detectable metastatic disease."

"We want to thank the patients, family members and clinicians who participated in the PROSPER trial and helped advance the scientific understanding of the potential role for XTANDI in this prevalent disease," said Steven Benner, M.D., senior vice president and global therapeutic area head, oncology development, Astellas. "We look forward to further analyzing the detailed efficacy and safety results from PROSPER, and submitting them for presentation at an upcoming major medical meeting."

As part of Pfizer and Astellas' ongoing commitment to the clinical development of enzalutamide in areas of greatest unmet need, the companies initiated the PROSPER trial to evaluate the potential benefits of XTANDI in men with non-metastatic CRPC, an earlier stage of prostate cancer where there are currently no FDA-approved treatment options. On June 9, 2017, the companies announced an amendment to the PROSPER protocol, which accelerated the clinical trial completion date by two years.

XTANDI is currently approved for the treatment of metastatic CRPC based on clinical data from previous studies that showed a statistically significant overall survival benefit for XTANDI versus placebo in the metastatic CRPC setting. XTANDI has been prescribed to more than 185,000 patients globally since its first approval in 2012. About PROSPER The Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-national trial enrolled approximately 1,400 patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) at sites in the United States, Canada, Europe, South America and the Asia Pacific region. PROSPER enrolled patients with prostate cancer that had progressed, based on a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level despite androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but who had no symptoms with no prior or present evidence of metastatic disease. The primary objective of the trial was metastasis-free survival (MFS). MFS is a measure of the amount of time that passes until a cancer can be radiographically detected as having metastasized, or spread, to other parts of the body. The trial evaluated enzalutamide at a dose of 160 mg taken orally once daily plus ADT, versus placebo plus ADT. For more information on the PROSPER trial go to www.clinicaltrials.gov.

XTANDI has not yet been evaluated by the FDA for the treatment of patients with non-metastatic CRPC. About Non-Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer According to the American Cancer Society, more than 161,000 men are estimated to be diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2017.[i] Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) refers to the subset of men whose prostate cancer progresses despite androgen deprivation therapy.[ii] Non-metastatic CRPC means there is no clinically detectable evidence of the cancer spreading to other parts of the body (metastases), and there is a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level.[iii] Many men with non-metastatic CRPC will go on to develop metastatic CRPC.[iv] About XTANDI® (enzalutamide) capsules XTANDI (enzalutamide) is an androgen receptor inhibitor that blocks multiple steps in the androgen receptor signaling pathway within the tumor cell. In preclinical studies, enzalutamide has been shown to competitively inhibit androgen binding to androgen receptors, and inhibit androgen receptor nuclear translocation and interaction with DNA. The clinical significance of this mechanism of action (MOA) is unknown.

XTANDI is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Additional ongoing studies, such as the ARCHES trial in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and the EMBARK trial in non-metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, are continuing to evaluate the potential of enzalutamide to help patients in need. Important Safety Information Contraindications XTANDI is not indicated for women. XTANDI can cause fetal harm and potential loss of pregnancy. Warnings and Precautions Seizure occurred in 0.5% of patients receiving XTANDI in clinical studies. In a study of patients with predisposing factors, seizures were reported in 2.2% of patients. See section 5.1 of the Prescribing Information for the list of predisposing factors. It is unknown whether anti-epileptic medications will prevent seizures with XTANDI. Permanently discontinue XTANDI in patients who develop a seizure during treatment. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) In post approval use, there have been reports of PRES in patients receiving XTANDI. PRES is a neurological disorder which can present with rapidly evolving symptoms including seizure, headache, lethargy, confusion, blindness, and other visual and neurological disturbances, with or without associated hypertension. A diagnosis of PRES requires confirmation by brain imaging, preferably MRI. Discontinue XTANDI in patients who develop PRES. Adverse Reactions The most common adverse reactions (= 10%) that occurred more commonly (= 2% over placebo) in the XTANDI patients from the two placebo-controlled clinical trials were asthenia/fatigue, back pain, decreased appetite, constipation, arthralgia, diarrhea, hot flush, upper respiratory tract infection, peripheral edema, dyspnea, musculoskeletal pain, weight decreased, headache, hypertension, and dizziness/vertigo. In the bicalutamide-controlled study of chemotherapy-naive patients, the most common adverse reactions (= 10%) reported in XTANDI patients were asthenia/fatigue, back pain, musculoskeletal pain, hot flush, hypertension, nausea, constipation, upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, and weight loss.

In the placebo-controlled study of patients taking XTANDI who previously received docetaxel, Grade 3 and higher adverse reactions were reported among 47% of XTANDI patients and 53% of placebo patients. Discontinuations due to adverse events were reported for 16% of XTANDI patients and 18% of placebo patients. In the placebo-controlled study of chemotherapy-naive patients, Grade 3-4 adverse reactions were reported in 44% of XTANDI patients and 37% of placebo patients. Discontinuations due to adverse events were reported for 6% of both study groups. In the bicalutamide-controlled study of chemotherapy-naive patients, Grade 3-4 adverse reactions were reported in 38.8% of XTANDI patients and 37.6% of bicalutamide patients. Discontinuations due to adverse events were reported for 7.6% of XTANDI patients and 6.3% of bicalutamide patients.

Lab Abnormalities: In the two placebo-controlled trials, Grade 1-4 neutropenia occurred in 15% of XTANDI patients (1% Grade 3-4) and 6% of placebo patients (0.5% Grade 3-4). Grade 1-4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 6% of XTANDI patients (0.3% Grade 3-4) and 5% of placebo patients (0.5% Grade 3-4). Grade 1-4 elevations in ALT occurred in 10% of XTANDI patients (0.2% Grade 3-4) and 16% of placebo patients (0.2% Grade 3-4). Grade 1-4 elevations in bilirubin occurred in 3% of XTANDI patients (0.1% Grade 3-4) and 2% of placebo patients (no Grade 3-4).

Infections: In the study of patients taking XTANDI who previously received docetaxel, 1% of XTANDI patients compared to 0.3% of placebo patients died from infections or sepsis. In the study of chemotherapy-naive patients, 1 patient in each treatment group (0.1%) had an infection resulting in death.

Falls (including fall-related injuries) occurred in 9% of XTANDI patients and 4% of placebo patients in the two placebo-controlled trials. Falls were not associated with loss of consciousness or seizure. Fall-related injuries were more severe in XTANDI patients, and included non-pathologic fractures, joint injuries, and hematomas.

Keywords for this news article include: Pain, Antiandrogens, Antineoplastics, Pharmaceutical Companies, Genetics, Headache, Hormones, Oncology, Placebos, Seizures, Pfizer Inc., Chemotherapy, Hypertension, Prostate Cancer, Clinical Research, Steroid Receptors, Androgen Receptors, Disease Attributes, Disease Progression, Drugs and Therapies, Prostatic Neoplasms.

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2017, NewsRx LLC

Companies

Pfizer Inc.
Astellas Pharma Inc.
Astellas Pharma Inc.
American Cancer Society Inc.
US Food and Drug Administration

Industries

Pharmaceuticals

Places

North America
South America
Canada
United States
Americas
Asia
Europe

Subjects

Science and Technology
      Scientific Research
Business and Commerce
Health and Wellness
      Medical Conditions and Diseases
            Cancer
                  Prostate Cancer
            Men's Health Issues
                  Prostate Cancer
            Neurological Disorders
                  Epilepsy and Seizures
      Health Sciences
            Genetics
            Pharmaceutical Development
      Medical and Pharmaceutical Regulation
            Drug and Device Approval Process
                  Clinical Trial Events
                        Clinical Trials - Phase 3
                  Drug Testing and Approval Process
      Treatments and Therapies
            Chemotherapy
            Medicinal Drugs
                  Drug Testing and Approval Process
Trading Impact
      Drug and Device Regulatory Impact
            Clinical Trial Events
                  Clinical Trials - Phase 3