Newswire (Published: Tuesday, December 12, 2017, Received: Thursday, December 7, 2017, 11:23:22 AM CST)

Word Count: 527

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cancer Weekly -- Current study results on Oncology - Prostate Cancer have been published. According to news reporting originating in Sydney, Australia, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men. Screening for prostate cancer is widely accepted; however concerns regarding the harms outweighing the benefits of screening exist."

Financial support for this research came from National Health and Medical Research Council (see also Oncology - Prostate Cancer).

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University of Sydney, "Although patient's play a pivotal role in the decision making process, men may not be aware of the controversies regarding prostate cancer screening. Therefore we aimed to describe men's attitudes, beliefs and experiences of prostate cancer screening. Systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies on men's perspectives of prostate cancer screening. Electronic databases and reference lists were searched to October 2016. Sixty studies involving 3,029 men aged from 18-89 years, who had been screened for prostate cancer by Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) or Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and not screened, across eight countries were included. Five themes were identified: Social prompting (trusting professional opinion, motivation from family and friends, proximity and prominence of cancer); gaining decisional confidence (overcoming fears, survival imperative, peace of mind, mental preparation, prioritising wellbeing); preserving masculinity (bodily invasion, losing sexuality, threatening manhood, medical avoidance); avoiding the unknown and uncertainties (taboo of cancer-related death, lacking tangible cause, physiological and symptomatic obscurity, ambiguity of the procedure, confusing controversies); and prohibitive costs. Men are willing to participate in prostate cancer screening to prevent cancer and gain reassurance about their health, particularly when supported or prompted by their social networks or healthcare providers. However, to do so they needed to mentally overcome fears of losing their masculinity and accept the intrusiveness of screening, the ambiguities about the necessity and the potential for substantial costs."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Addressing the concerns and priorities of men may facilitate informed decisions about prostate cancer screening and improve patient satisfaction and outcomes."

For more information on this research see: Men's perspectives of prostate cancer screening: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Plos One, 2017;12(11):e0188258. (Public Library of Science - www.plos.org; Plos One - www.plosone.org)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting L.J. James, Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Additional authors for this research include G. Wong, J.C. Craig, C.S. Hanson, A. Ju, K. Howard, T. Usherwood, H. Lau and A. Tong.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for that additional information is: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188258. This DOI is a link to an online electronic document that is either free or for purchase, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

Keywords for this news article include: Sydney, Oncology, Prostate Cancer, Prostatic Neoplasms, Australia and New Zealand, Diagnostics and Screening.

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2017, NewsRx LLC

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Australia and New Zealand
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Science and Technology
      Scientific Research
Health and Wellness
      Medical Conditions and Diseases
            Cancer
                  Prostate Cancer
            Men's Health Issues
                  Prostate Cancer